Glossary

Click on character range below to see the explanations.

Menopause

The period that marks the permanent cessation of menstrual activity

Pelvic Floor exercises

Exercises which involve contraction and relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles. They are aimed at strengthening the muscles and enabling increased urethral closure pressure.

Stress Incontinence

Bladder weakness which occurs with a sudden physical exertion such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercise or heavy lifting. It usually only involves small amounts and is generally connected to a weakening of the pelvic floor muscles.

Under-active bladder

If you have an underactive bladder, it holds much more urine than normal. Because you cannot feel when the bladder is full, you leak small amounts of urine as bladder pressure builds.

Micturition

The act of urinating (voiding, or passing urine).

Prostate

A gland in men, which is located at the base of the bladder and surrounds the urethra. It produces a fluid at ejaculation. Sometimes in older men, the gland grows larger and obstructs the urine tube. A symptom of this is a poor stream of urine

Enuresis

Enuresis (also known as bedwetting) is the involuntary loss of urine. When it occurs during sleep at night it is referred to as nocturnal enuresis.

Urge Incontinence

Also known as an overactive bladder, this is the most common type for men. You experience a sudden urge to urinate and the bladder involuntarily expels urine. This is usually due to interference in the nerve signals between bladder and brain, often linked to either an enlarged prostate or the aftermath of prostate surgery.

You may also find that you need to urinate more frequently than the usual 4-8 times a day, and maybe also at night too. However, in certain cases you can 'train' your bladder to urinate less frequently and to avoid urinating at night.

Mixed Incontinence

Quite literally, this is mixed symptoms. Usually it’s a combination of Stress Incontinence and Urge Incontinence. If you happen to have both types, there’s usually one that causes more of a problem than the other, so you should focus on dealing with the most frequent symptom first.

Bladder weakness

Difficulty in controlling the bladder which can result in an involuntary loss of urine.

Pelvic muscles

The pelvic floor muscles form a broad sling between your legs from the pubic bone in front to the base of your spine at the back

Post-micturition Dribble

This is when the bladder doesn’t empty completely and continues to leak after urinating. This is also common with an enlarged prostate or weakened pelvic floor muscles.

Neurological Bladder Disorders

Damage to the nerves as a result of illness can affect the way the brain and bladder communicate. This results in an inability to control the bladder or empty it completely.

Functional Incontinence

This is an inability to reach the toilet in time because of the difficulties caused by physical or mental illness

Overflow incontinence

This is a constant or episodic flow of urine, usually caused by an obstruction or nerve damage.